"But the study emphasizes we have to include sleep as one of the weapons we use to fight heart disease - a factor we are compromising every day", he added. The average age of the participants was 46 and two-thirds were male. Each person wore an actigraph, a small device that measured the length and quality of sleep, over seven nights.
The adults were also given 3-D heart ultrasounds and CT scans to look for evidence of cardiovascular disease.
It turned out that those who slept less than six hours, the likelihood of development of atherosclerosis was 27 percent higher than those who paid to sleep 7-8 hours.
The quality of their sleep - that is, how often they woke during the night, and how long they spent in the deepest phases of sleep - also mattered. The lightweight and stylish Jawbone UP3 is created to deliver you the benefits of tracking your sleep and a comprehensive picture of your hear t health, apart from your dai ly activities.
The participants were also divided into four groups: those who slept more than eight hours, those who slept seven to eight, those who slept six to seven hours, and those who slept less than six hours.
Ordovás also added that previous studies have shown that lack of sleep raises the risk of cardiovascular disease by increasing heart disease risk factors such as glucose levels, blood pressure, inflammation and obesity. "Depending on your genetics, if you metabolize coffee faster, it won't affect your sleep, but if you metabolize it slowly, caffeine can affect your sleep and increase the odds of cardiovascular disease", he says.
People may indeed sleep more quickly after consuming an alcoholic drink, but alcohol can reduce rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. That is the quality of sleep Moran goals to get every night time. She directs women's heart health at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.
Unfortunately, sleeping too much may be just as harmful. Ordovás was senior author of a study on these findings, published yesterday in the college journal The increase of plaque, called atherosclerosis, in your extremities puts you at increased risk for strokes, digestive problems and poor circulation that leads to numbness and pain in your extremities, as well as heart disease. The new study "opens a door to further investigations to hopefully demonstrate the cause and effect between poor sleep quality and the generation of atherosclerosis disease", he said.
"The potentially enormous impact of sleep deprivation and disruption on population health, reinforced by the present study, is ample justification for such trials, which are needed to place sleep with confidence alongside diet and exercise as a key pillar of a healthy lifestyle", they wrote.