Moscow says Israeli F-16 planes which struck Latakia in western Syria on September 17 later used the landing Russian Il-20 surveillance plane as 'cover, ' which resulted in the larger Il-20 being hit by a Syrian missile.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Monday spoke by telephone with Russian President Vladimir Putin and expressed his confidence in the credibility of the IDF investigation and its conclusions, reiterating that the Syrian military, which brought down the plane, and Iran, whose aggression is undermining stability, are responsible for the unfortunate incident.
Russian Federation is to supply Syria with an advanced air defence system in response to the shooting down of one of Moscow's planes that killed 15 servicemen and was initially blamed on Israel. Israel, which has repeatedly bombed Iranian targets in Syria, had always been opposed to such deliveries, and Russian Federation has in the past abided by Israel's request.
Bolton then pivoted the blame to Iran, which has sent troops, weapons, and cash to the Assad regime throughout the war, raising concerns in Israel that Tehran was establishing bases on its northern border.
"Moscow's decision to provide Syrian forces with S-300 air defense system and Russian personnel to operate them is aimed at making Israel more careful in the vicinity of Russian assets, while also controlling Syrian allies", Dmitri Trenin, director of the Moscow Carnegie Center, wrote in Twitter.
His comments mean the goalposts previously established by his boss have significantly shifted - Donald Trump originally said United States troops would leave Syria after the elimination of ISIS in the area.
Shoigu said Russian Federation will also jam military aircraft communications in the airspace next to Syria over the Mediterranean Sea, while upgrading Syria's air-defense command systems.
Earlier in the war, Russian Federation suspended a supply of S-300s, which Israel feared Syria could use against it. Mr Shoigu said Russian Federation is now going to go ahead with the shipment because "the situation has changed". Moscow accused Israel of creating unsafe conditions that caused the crash. "The Syrian air defenses must have taken that maneuver for a new attack by the Israeli Air force", the spokesman speculated.
Under orders from the Russian President, the Syrian army will receive a new S-300 surface-to-air missile system as well as new radar jamming technology.
He added that Israel would "continue to defend its security and its interests", implying that it would not be deterred from continuing to attack Iranian-affiliated targets, including advanced weapons destined for Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed movement in Lebanon, for possible future use against Israel.
Israel, which has carried out air strikes in Syria many times during the war, said after the incident that it would work to improve "deconfliction" of its missions with Russian forces, but would not halt them.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Moscow's decision does not target a third country.
Putin informed Syrian President Bashar al-Assad about the missile delivery in a phone call on Monday, according to a statement issued by Syria's presidency.