Trump had already directed aides to proceed with tariffs, despite Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin's attempts to restart trade talks with China.
President Donald Trump has chose to impose tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods, two people briefed on the decision said, one of the most severe economic restrictions ever imposed by a USA president. But the timing for activating the additional tariffs was unclear at that time.
"The President has been clear that he and his administration will continue to take action to address China's unfair trade practices", the White House said in a statement Friday.
"We encourage China to address the long standing concerns raised by the Unites States".
"We are under no pressure to make a deal with China, they are under pressure to make a deal with us", Trump tweeted.
This week, Mnuchin extended an invitation to China to resume talks before the newest round of tariffs are imposed.
"We welcome it", a Chinese foreign ministry spokesman told The Associated Press. The Journal reported that the Chinese had hoped that any final decision on tariffs would be delayed until after the next round of talks.
Trump first imposed tariffs on roughly $50 billion in Chinese products, and the list of products mostly included industrial equipment to not directly impact consumers.
The US has said that the tariffs are needed to punish Beijing for its unfair trade practices and intellectual property theft.
China, which has accused the USA of trade bullying, has matched the tariffs dollar for dollar.
Forecasters have warned that the worsening conflict between the world's two biggest traders could cut up to 0.5 percentage point off global economic growth through 2020 if all threatened tariff hikes go ahead. Envoys from the two countries last met on Aug 22 in Washington but reported no progress.
The U.S. imports roughly $500 billion in Chinese goods each year, and - combined with existing tariffs - these new penalties would cover half of all goods sent to the U.S. from China each year.