The UN body estimates every year, trans fat intake leads to the deaths from cardiovascular disease of more than 500,000 people around the world.
In its latest guidelines on trans fats in food supply, the World Health Organization has advised governments, especially those in low and middle income countries, to eliminate these fats by 2023. Nevertheless, the country has the opportunity to address its health and economics by supporting more locally produced oils.
In some places, partially hydrogenated oils have already been banned, cutting off one of the main sources of commercially produced trans fats from their food supply, according to the World Health Organization via Reuters. The same year the FDA required manufacturers to list trans fat content information on food labels. Manufacturers use them as they have a longer shelf life than other fats.
Industrial products such as cookies, roasted potatoes, and sweets, or fried foods such as French fries, fried yuccas or frozen products are food where these fats are more common. "But in the last three or four years, most big food companies have stopped using trans fats", she said.
Several countries, particularly the richer ones, have already limited or are on the verge of eliminating trans fats in packaged foods.
Create awareness of the negative impact of trans-fats on different audiences: decision makers, food producers, industrial suppliers, and the general public. Seemingly though, medical experts are of the view that healthier product substitutes that will not affect the food tastes or costs can be effectively utilized in their place.
There are two main sources for trans fats: natural sources (in the dairy products and meat of ruminants, such as cows and sheep); and industrially produced sources (partially hydrogenated oils). This is because they're used in partially-hydrogenated oils, which were first used as a butter replacement and then later as a replacement for foods containing saturated fatty acids. Partially hydrogenated oils are primarily used for deep frying and as an ingredient in baked goods. "In South Asian countries, they have very, very high risk of heart disease and high intakes of trans fats", Dr. Francesco Branca, director of the Nutrition for Health Department at the WHO, emphasized in his statement.
Trans fats increase the levels of LDL-cholesterol, a well-accepted biomarker for cardiovascular disease risk, and decreases levels of HDL-cholesterol, which carry away cholesterol from arteries and transport it to the liver, that secretes it into the bile.