During Sunday night's Golden Globes, the most powerful women in Hollywood donned black in support of Time's Up, a new initiative created to address pay disparity, discrimination and harassment in the industry in the wake of the #MeToo movement.
A recent study about women working in Hollywood is backing up that disparity.
Women made up just 18% of all the directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors and cinematographers who worked on the top 250 USA films released a year ago, according to Lauzen's study for 2017 titled "The Celluloid Ceiling: Behind-the Scenes Employment of Women".
The 20th annual "Celluloid Ceiling" study on the behind-the-camera employment of women was released Monday by San Diego State University's Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film.
Overall, women comprised only 18 percent of directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors, and cinematographers working on the top 250 domestic grossing films of 2017. She pointed to her research that found only 1% of films a year ago employed 10 or more women as directors, producers, editors, writers and cinematographers. Going back further to 1998 reveals an even more depressing trend - the number of women working in the 250 top films of the year has never exceeded more than 19%.
Historical comparisons between 1998 and 2017 showed that female directors, executive producers and producers have increased, while women writers and editors have declined. Lauzen's latest report, released Wednesday, offers more evidence that Hollywood has failed over the last two decades to correct its gender imbalance. The percentage of female cinematographers has stayed exactly the same. Slightly less than one-third employed zero or only one woman in these roles, while none of the movies employed zero or only one man.
"2016 was actually a very poor year for women's representation as directors", Lauzen said in an interview, "So I'm not surprised to see a bit of a rebound in 2017". In the top 100 films, women also fared best as producers (24 percent), followed by executive producers (15 percent). Just 4% of cinematographers on the top 250 films previous year were women.
Among the top female directors of 2017 were Patty Jenkins (Wonder Woman), Sofia Coppola (The Beguiled), Greta Gerwig (Lady Bird), Dee Rees (Mudbound) and Niki Caro (The Zookeeper's Wife). On films with exclusively male directors, women accounted for just 8 percent of writers.
Take a look at which films directed by women are on this list, unadjusted for inflation.