As searches were intensified towards the suspected spot, the hiding militants fired upon security forces, triggering an encounter, said a police official. In Kulgam, four militants are holed up and there is a heavy exchange of fire taking place.
Security forces launched a cordon and search operation in Nowbug Kund area of Kulgam.
NDTV reports that a jawan and a terrorist have been killed in the encounters.
"The gunfight in ongoing", the police told the news agency.
Meanwhile, another crackdown operation is going on at Lam in Tral area of Pulwama district.
This comes a day after two unidentified militants were gunned down by security forces in Handwara. A soldier, who was critically injured in the gunbattle with militants at Nowbug Kund in Kulgam district, succumbed to injuries, PTI reported quoting Army sources. Reportedly, the fighting started after holed-up militants fired at the team of Indian armed forces comprising of troops from the Rashtriya Rifles (RR), Special Operations Group (SOG) and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).