The population of unwanted residents include an immigrant who has avoided immigration authorities for 40 years, though it is unknown if the person is still alive.
Approximately 70 per cent of the illegal residents are in the country on expired visitor visas with 15 per cent on student visas.
As the debate over Australian citizenship goes on, a newspaper has reported that more than 64,000 people are living in Australia illegally, having overstayed their visas.
The laws will allow Dutton to set aside an AAT decision to grant citizenship to an individual if he believed the person was unfit to be an Australian; he now has the power to overturn AAT decisions on visas but not citizenships. About 5710 unlawful non-citizens are reportedly from the United States and 3680 people from the United Kingdom.
Indonesia, India, South Korea, Philippines, Vietnam and Thailand all had between 2,200 and 2,800 people living illegally in Australia.
Germany, France, Japan and Fiji citizens were also singled out. A spokesman for Immigration and Border Protection said a regular "targeted field compliance" is used to locate people.
Last week, the government launched legislation that would provide the minister the authority to overrule the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) on citizenships. The news of overstayers also comes amid Dutton's battles with the AAT on some visa cases, like that of an Indian-born man residing here, whom Dutton's department wanted to deport after pleading guilty to assaulting a woman. The deportation was blocked by the AAT.
Meanwhile, the government has come under fire from former prime minister Tony Abbott and others, who've linked Australia's asylum program to terror attacks in the country.