In a first confirmation of its kind, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has confirmed the possibility of life inhabiting Enceladus, the watery moon of Saturn. They also informed about Jupiter's moon Europa erupting plumes. So far, the Cassini mission has show almost all those ingredients except phosphorus and sulfur in the ocean world. This doesn't mean that there is life on Enceladus, but it is possible that some form of life exists there.
The hydrogen strongly suggests that hydrothermal activity is going on in the ocean below the surface of Enceladus, and because some of the most basic lifeforms on Earth thrive in ocean vents like the ones Cassini has been flying over, the same type of life could exist on Saturn's moon.
NASA says the plumes of water on the moons show, "some of the ingredients needed for a habitable environment". "It would be like a candy store for microbes", Hunter Waite, lead author of the Cassini study, said in a statement.
WASHINGTON-NASA has announced that there may be proof of life outside of earth.
"We now know Enceladus has nearly all the ingredients that you need to support life as you know it on Earth", said Linda Spilker, a Cassini project scientist, during a briefing that announced the new findings. Molecular hydrogen is a vital part of Earth's oceans system, which microbes turn into methane, and this same process was found to have occurred on Enceladus as well.
On Earth, certain microbes living in the dark, high-pressure depths of the ocean where oxygen is scarce actually consume hydrogen and carbon dioxide, producing methane in the process.
The Cassini spacecraft detected the hydrogen in a plume of gas and icy material spraying off Enceladus in October 2015.
NASA held a press conference on Thursday to reveal some exciting new discoveries about ocean worlds within our solar system: It has found evidence that suggest a type of chemical energy that can support life exists on Enceladus, one of Saturn's 62 confirmed moons. The Hubble Space Telescope has observed what looks to be plumes emanating from Europa.
"We have detected hydrogen in the plume on Enceladus". Both correspond to the location of an unusually warm region that contains features that appear to be cracks in the moon's icy crust, seen in the late 1990s by NASA's Galileo spacecraft. This moon of Saturn likely has a global subsurface ocean.
NASA says the discovery will help it to better equip the Europa Clipper mission set for the 2020's when a probe will visit the moon to examine the plumes. "We re finding new environments", said James Green, NASA s Planetary Science Division Director.